September started with tragic news: a 15-year-old boy stabbed and killed a 14-year-old boy, due to a quarrel occurred during a football match. The newspapers reported that the young murderer’s father pushed his son to commit this crime, saying: “If you don’t do it, you’re not a man’s man!”. Furthermore, on 6th September a man has been killed for hakmarrja reasons. In 2012, the victim injured another person, so the murder was committed as a form of retaliation for the damage previously caused. Moreover, the victim had just been repatriated from abroad, where he applied for asylum because he feared vendetta, but his application had been refused. As in April, we issued a statement and sent it to local and international institutions in Albania, with the hope that appropriate measures will be taken in order to ensure the effective protection of those involved in the blood feud phenomenon. Finally, during this month, we recorded several cases of injuries and murders related to property disputes. (more…)
In August, the Albanian press reported on numerous conflicts, unfortunately including some homicides. On the 10th of August, a man was killed in Shkoder for reasons that are still unclear but that, according to the police, could be connected to a blood feud that has already caused the death of four other people. Few days later, on the 14th of August, the police arrested a 39 years old fugitive who had killed two people in 1999 in a blood feud. Media monitoring allows the constant collection of information related to human rights violations caused by the practice of the blood feuds. (more…)
Operazione Colomba, Nonviolent Peace Corps of the Comunità Papa Giovanni XXIII, learns from Albanian media sources about Indrit Pepa’s homicide, 27 years old killed on 6th September 2018 in Mamurras, in the prefecture of Kurbin, to revenge the wounding of Azis Markola, committed by Pepa in 2013. Agron Markola, Azis Markola’s brother, is wanted for Indrit Pepa’s murder.
Since 2013, following the attempted murder against Azis Markola, which ended with the latter’s legs injury, Indrit Pepa’s family lived self-isolated for fear of blood feud. Moreover, in 2015 Indrit Pepa went to Germany as asylum seeker, declaring that in Albania he was in danger of life. According to Albanian sources, “after a year and a half the victim would have been repatriated”. In fact, for German State, Albania is a safe country.
Last April, following Mario Majollari’s murder in Tirana, Operazione Colomba denounced the lack of protection to people and families in blood feud. After Indrit Pepa’s murder, Operazione Colomba renews its concern over the failure to adopt national and international measures to protect and guarantee the right to life of those involved in the blood feud phenomenon..
Operazione Colomba renews its appeal to State institutions to commit themselves to acting to eliminate the phenomenon and to protect its victims.
At the end of the month, an explosion has damaged a man’s house, fortunately leaving no one wounded. According to the victim, the bombing was a form of retaliation for a homicide committed by his son in 2015. Ever since, this family has
sustained four attacks with explosive and a further assassination attempt directed to their son in jail. The family has stated that they will take justice into their own hands if there will not be any intervention from State justice.
Also, in the same days, someone has fired some gunshots at a man’s house in Fierza, a village in the Tropoja mountains. In the press the episode is thought to be linked to an escalation of violence between the alleged aggressors and a local minivan driver. Allegedly, the spiral of violence had begun when some gunshots were fired against the minivan, followed by armed threats by the driver’s son. Situations like this one can often degenerate into cases of blood feud. (more…)
In June there have been at least two episodes related to blood feuds.
At the beginning of the month, the police arrested a man who is charged with attempted murder for an attack with explosives that took place in July 2017. Investigations uncovered that the attack was carried out in the attempt to avenge another violent episode that dates back to 1997, when the man was injured and two others were killed.
Near the middle of the month, a man was killed in Shkodër, near his garage. The murder was probably executed on commission and it is likely to be rooted in a previous conflict that involved the victim’s family. (more…)